The Constitutional Principle: Separation of Church and State
Welcome Contents What's New Search this site
Visitors since 7/15/1998
Links Guest Book Contact Us
This site is eye friendly: Use your browser's view options to increase or decrease font size

First Amendment
Religion and Expression

This section of our web site contains excerpts from The Constitution of the United States of America, a publication of the Library of Congress. The main index to the entire publication can be found at

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate/constitution/toc.html

We have republished here only the sections referencing religious issues. These sections as well as the text dealing with other First Amendment issues can be found at

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate/constitution/amdt1.html

In order to speed download times, we have broken the excerpts into several sections. Clicking on the numbers at the left of each title will take you directly to that title.

To facilitate researchers' work, the original page numbers from the paper document have been inserted to indicate page breaks.


The Constitution

of the

United States of America

Analysis and Interpretation

Annotations of Cases Decided by the
Supreme Court of the United States

PREPARED BY THE
CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS


http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate/constitution/amdt1.html

FIRST AMENDMENT

RELIGION AND EXPRESSION

CONTENTS
IReligion
1An Overview 969
2Scholarly Commentary 970
3Court Tests Applied to Legislation Affecting Religion 972
4Government Neutrality in Religious Disputes 974
969
IIEstablishment of Religion
5Financial Assistance to Church-Related Institutions 977
6Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Released Time 991
7Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Prayers and Bible Reading 993
8Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Curriculum Restriction 996
9Access of Religious Groups to School Property 997
10Tax Exemptions of Religious Property 997
11Exemption of Religious Organizations from Generally Applicable Laws 999
12Sunday Closing Laws 999
13Conscientious Objection 1000
14Regulation of Religious Solicitation 1001
15Religion in Governmental Observances 1002
16Miscellaneous 1004
977
IIIFree Exercise of Religion
17The Belief-Conduct Distinction 1007
18The Mormon Cases 1009
19The Jehovah's Witnesses Cases 1010
20Free Exercise Exemption from General Governmental Requirements 1011
21Religious Test Oaths 1019
22Religious Disqualification 1019
1005
IVThe "Absolutist" View of the First Amendment,
with a Note on "Preferred Position"
1048
VFreedom of Belief
23Flag Salute Cases 1053
24Imposition of Consequences for Holding Certain Beliefs 1054
1053